A Greek monk, Mihailo Tolotos, who lived upto the age of 82 and died in 1938, never met a women in his life. He is probably the only Monk who never met a woman, though he was not blind. Few days after Mihalio’s berth, his mother died and he was whisked off to the Monastery in Mount Athos – which is completely isolated from females. The tradition of the Monastery goes back to the beginning of the retreat nearly nine centuries that even female animals are restricted from entering the monastery premise.
The Monks’ Republic in Greece is not ruled by the Greek Government but by members of 20 Greek monastries that are founded on on Mount Athos. The peninsula, which rises 6,000 feet above the rocky promontory, probably is the only place on earth where the female of any species, including homo sapiens, are prohibited.
I do not know Cartoonist Toms well though I like his old cartoons. Thought provoking humour at its best and which would stand the test of time. There are some who makes you think and some who makes you laugh, but very few who could do both…I remember my Professor once pointing my views to the dog in the cartoons; to check the actions and reactions of the tiny dog in each situation. The finesse in even the smallest of details……. Every frame filled with thoughts but yet with a few strokes. The pen has stopped but the ink will remain indelible and will continue to spread for generations………..
About the Author: Manu Varghese Stephen is the CEO of Trade Integre Ltd,UK.He loves to work with people to help them achieve their full potential, be it a graduate student get a dream job in the Big 4 OR a Company with absolutely no history or experience with their new service launch to become the leader among their competitors in less than 6 months. In his motivation talks he often uses Boban and Molly stories by Cartoonist Toms, to inspire the listeners
Once a hapless little kid, 16 year old, Hepsiba never travelled in an express train in her life though once her home was just a stone throw away from South India’s largest railway station, Chennai Central . But last month this wonder girl made her first flight and travelled more than 14000 km crossing oceans from Chennai to Rio De Janeiro in Brazil to achieve something. And she returned with a few medals: one gold and two bronze won in a Street child games in Rio De Janeiro.
Relocated from her dwelling
Few months back Hepsiba and her widowed mother were evicted, by the Chennai corporation, from shanty home along the Sydenhams Road near the Nehru Stadium in chennai where they were living for years. Along with many other dwellers, they were shifted to a shelter home.
An NGO discovered the prodigy
It was Karunalaya, and NGO in Chennai that discovered the talent in her and gave Hepsibah the opportunity that finally took her to Rio. Few weeks ago, Karunalaya organised a sports meet, in Chennai, for the street children, and Hepsiba was one among them. Paul Sunder Singh of Karunalaya says that they found this girl had sheer talent and they decided to take her to big events. But before leaving for Rio she had to jump many hurdles: not in the filed but in many other ways. “Actually, she just about made it; it was a miracle that her passport came through on time,” Mr. Singh says. The team could not win any sponsorship from any corporates or philanthropists but International NGO Street Child United who organised the entire meet has helped a bit and Karunalaya took some loan for the children to make the trip. The London based NGO works to empower marginalised street kids and give them a platform of sports to nurture their talents.
Trained like a Pro
Intensively trained by coach Prabhakar Suresh for about two weeks, Hepsiba and team left for Rio in the second week of March and spent one and half weeks there. Hepsiba won gold in 100 meter sprint and and silver in 400m and bronze in 100m hurdles. Her team mate Ashok won a bronze in boys’ shot put and Sneha stood third in 4x100m relay race and bagged bronze.
24 Carat Friendship with participants of other countries
They interacted with other participants mostly from third world countries like Argentina, Brazil, Pakistan, Burundi. Hepsiba says that now she has won many friends from these countries and she values the friendships are larger than the medals she won and that makes her ‘very very happy’. Another participant, Usha spoke at the Street Child Games General Assembly and stressed the need to protect street children from people especially police who find a way to harass them in a regular basis. “Everyday we fear the police. Police are supposed to support and safeguard us, but we don’t experience this. To protect children from violence at the hands of the police, street children need to be invited to speak at police training so they (police) can understand and empathise,” she said.
In Hebrew Hepsiba means ‘My delight is in Her’. The Lord’s delight and grace are indeed there upon her. She has to win more medals and has to reach new heights.
When I first went to interview Devender Singh Anand, whom I call Uncle, for the article Empowering the underprivileged with Newspaper Cuttings, he was clueless why I wanted to write about him. All these years he approached the Media only to write for the cause he is so passionately involved – helping the underprivileged and the specially abled.
His son explained to him “Papa, she has to write about someone who is doing inspiring work, so she wants to write about you. You will become famous after she writes”.
When I came to know the blog mentioned above got a prize, I called Uncle to give him the great news. When he picked the phone I told him very excitedly “Uncle the article about you won a prize, now you and your work will get more attention and moreover you are inspiring the youth of the country.” (the contest was conducted by Indibloggers and Youth ki Awaaz).
Uncle’s reply was a long silence….followed by “Very good, now you try to write something about the obstacles that the underprivileged have to undergo to gain their rights”. The new-found recognition did not give him any reason to rejoice. Except him, everyone around him was excited.
Fantastico Humans with a Mission are like this; their focus is only on their mission. All the accolades and the attention is important to them only if it will serve to strengthen further their mission. In this Nation of 1.25 million population, there may be hundreds of such Fantastico humans, who continue their mission without worrying about Awards and Rewards.
In the park that I go for morning walks, an elderly man daily comes and waters the plants. One day I requested him to allow me to take a picture of him to put on my facebook page ‘Elderly of Delhi’. He curtly refused. His mission to water plants can inspire many, but he does not want to be in the public glare.
Every year awards are given to the best teachers in the country. I wonder if there are only a handful of teacher that need to be awarded each year. Every Student, whether academically successful or not, has, at least, one teacher who has inspired him in his life. A teacher goes out of the way to help bright students with extra books, free tuition, food and accommodation.
There is one Fantastico Human about whom I very much want to write a blog. She was detected with breast cancer fifteen years ago, and because of her sheer determination, and courage she is now leading a normal life. In those days, the internet was not so common, yet she managed to gather all information on how to win over cancer. She now inspires those suffering to fight and win over the dreaded disease. Whenever I hear that someone, especially young woman, has succumbed to the disease, I regret that I did not introduce this Fantastico Human to her. I have requested her to share her incredible story on my blog, but silence is her answer. I hope she reads this post and shares her story. Maybe we can use a pseudo name if she doesn’t want to come in public glare.
When I met him first, he was taking photocopies of Newspaper cuttings and said that he ran an NGO, for helping the underprivileged. I was just curious to know what kind of support S. Devender Singh Anand, 67, was providing for helping the needy. “I keep all the Newspaper cutting of News that benefit the public, for instance, the Legal News” he said. He uses the Newspaper cuttings to empower the underprivileged. Suppose someone goes to the hospital for a handicap certificate with Address Proof, Id Cards, and still he is denied the license; then Mr. Anand provides the person with photocopies of Newspaper cuttings supporting his claims. The applicant can then challenge for his rights with the Newspaper cuttings. If required, he confronts the officials about the provisions that the claimant is entitled to “I have the information, no one can challenge me on the information.”
Mr. Anand, who was into truck transportation business, was injured and bedridden in 1992. And since 1995, after the trauma, with the experience he gained, he decided to help the underprivileged.
He says only four out of hundred physically challenged are utilizing the benefits entitled for the physically challenged, and that too mostly from the educated section of the society. Most of the physically challenged are unaware of their privileges. He says in Delhi there is the Handicapped Finance Corporation, which is underutilized by the physically challenged. And there two special commissions appointed for the physically challenged– National level Commissioner at 6, Baghwan Das Road and State level commissioner at Mata Gujri College. Suppose the specially-abled people are not getting the justice they can approach the commission and register a complaint against the authority who is denying them their right. At both the Commissioner offices, you get booklets about the facilities entitled for the physically challenged. Those who are knowledgeable about the content of the booklets avail the facilities.
Helping everyone in need
Other than the physically challenged, Mr. Anand has been empowering the underprivileged like the poor, the senior citizens, the uneducated and so on. He tries to help everyone and guides people with Newspaper Cuttings. Whenever he meets people, he tells the deserving people to approach the authorities to get their benefits and in case, they are challenged they can show a photocopy copy of the Newspaper cuttings.
An interesting piece of information that Mr. Anand shared was, there is a provision for a free legal attorney, in every Court, for those having income less than Rs 1 lakh. “You can go to a Court, and get a free lawyer immediately when you show documents of your earning,” says Mr. Anand.
In addition to providing information, if the situation requires he physically approaches the authorities and speaks for the underprivileged. Once he educated his housemaid about the benefits of opening a Bank Account, but when she approached the Bank, she faced many hurdles. So Mr. Anand himself went to the Bank, talked to the officials and successfully opened a Bank Account for her. She was excited because she could now save her earnings and she also got free medical insurance coverage. Encouraged by her, her relatives also opened bank accounts.
After helping the underprivileged for nearly two decades, he registered an NGO ‘Happy Living’ to help the cause of the physically challenged. Happy Living accepts old clothes from donors and distributes them among the needy.
Mr. Anands strong support comes from his wife, Harpreet Anand, a Criminal Lawyer, who teaches the Children of Watchmen, maids and construction workers of the locality.
With the passage of time, Mr. Anand has advanced his methods to garner information. He now uses the new-age tool of RTI (Right to Information) to “provide Justice for those who are denied Justice”. He is an inspiration to the youth of today.
“My name is Usha Chaumar, I am from Alwar, Rajasthan………….” Usha speaks confidently in English to a jam packed audience at Constitution Club, Delhi, on World Toilet Day. This is a transformed Usha! A decade back she used to clean septic tank from a very young age. Belonging to the scavenger community,things were no different when she was married off at the age of 10…………. until she met Baba in 2003. Baba had adopted Alwar to help the scavengers restore their dignity and human values. One day Baba asked Usha if she would like to take up a better job, ‘who doesn’t like to get a better job opportunity’ she says. She was not only brought out of the de humanising activity of scavenging, but she was also taught skills for livelihood like beautician training, making noodles, pickles etc. Along with her many other scavenger women were also emancipated from their misery. She says she did not know how to speak politely. Whatever she is today is because of Baba.
The Baba who saved Usha’s life is Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, the Founder of Sulabh International, who takes forward the dream of Gandhiji to uplift the Scavenger community to the mainstream of the society. Dr Bindeshwar created a two-pit, maintenance free, toilet which which can be easily customised and set up in any geographical environment. His innovation liberates the Scavengers and changed their life forever. The work of a human scavenger is to remove human waste, using a brush, into a bamboo basket and carry it on the head to be thrown at a secluded place. Dr Pathak’s toilets meant that the toilets no longer required to be maintained, leaving the Scavengers free to take up other occupations.
Dr Pathak was born in a Brahmin family in Bihar. When he was 14 his family’s fortune incurred huge financial loss after his uncle was murdered. As a young English Graduate he tried many jobs. His destiny to help scavengers was set when he participated in Gandhi Centenary Celebration where he was assigned the task to find a solution for open defecation and to find an alternative to end human scavenging. He went and stayed with the scavenger community to get a first hand knowledge of their life. There he saw a young bride cry because she was asked to clean her in-laws toilet and he saw a scavenger boy die on the road because no one came forward to help him. Dr Pathak created the toilet because he wanted to free the scavenger from their misery. His invention is now a world recognized model.
Initially Dr Pathak tried for a long to promote his creation to Government organisations, but no one was ready to give him a n opportunity. Finally a Municipal Officer gave him an opportunity to build two public toilets for Rs 500. And as the toilets became popular, people starting paying to use public toilets. The usefulness of Sulabh toilets spread far and wide and outside India. Now Dr Pathak is the Founder of Sulabh International which has over 50,000 associates working with him.
To date Sulabh International has built 1.3 billion toilets, liberating more than 1,20,000 scavengers from scavenging. The scavenger have been rehabilitated. 640 towns have been made scavenging free till date. When Dr Pathak was told that steps should be taken to maintain the toilets because after one year many toilets become unusable, Dr Pathak replied that if people treat the toilets as their own child and keep them clean and hygiene, then no one else has to take care of the maintenance. The success of his model created a huge behavioural change when people started paying for the use of public toilets. Then, it brought in a cultural shift too when people started socially accepting those who once were meant for carrying the human waste. In places like Alwar the scavenging community has been rehabilitated and the upper class invite them to their homes. Usha says that during her scavenging days no one offered her water and even if someone did, they gave the water from a distance.
Dr Bindeshwar Pathak’s work is popular among the scavengers and the poor. His work has been recognized by the UN, which uses his two-pit toilet as a model for building toilets globally. Recently the BBC Horizons has declared the Sulabh technologies as one of five unique inventions of the world.
Dr Pathak is known for the high level of professionalism in achieving his targets. He has a systematic way of surveying the place,estimating the cost and building the toilets. According to Dr Pathak an estimated Rs 25000 to Rs 30000 is required to built a toilet. Due to the high quality of work, Corporates are willing to fulfill their CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) by associating with Dr Pathak.
There are two types of people in the world, the one who use toilets and one who are deprived of using toilets. Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak is a Messiah of the one who do not have toilets. Imagine a situation when you do not have a toilet in your house, and you have to defecat in the open. In such a situation you will have to wake up either before day break or wait for sunset so as to answer the call of nature. In such a situation you will be unable to concentrate on you work and because of stopping yourself from defecating will cause many health diseases. 100 million Indians defecate in the open leaving them behind in the strive for development. They defecate in the open leading to many social, health and environmental issue.
Says Amritya Sen in an interview to the Guardian, “Half of all Indians have no toilet. In Delhi when you build a new condominium there are lots of planning requirements but none relating to the servants having toilets. It’s a combination of class, caste and gender discrimination. It’s absolutely shocking. Poor people have to use their ingenuity and for women that can mean only being able to relieve themselves after dark with all the safety issues that entails,”
Dr Bindeshwar Pathak is a strong advocate of one the biggest issues that Gandhiji was fighting for. He continues work to accomplish the dream of Gandhi. The two pit toilet has created a social revolution with the twin benefit of the people getting a toilet to defecate and the human scavengers being liberated of their penury. In addition Dr Pathak also provides shelters for the widows of Varanasi. Sulabh International celebrates important festivals like Diwali, Holi and Christmas, giving the widows a news sense of being. There are a number of works of Dr Pathak that benefits the entire humanity. He has perfected the Biogass system, by which the gas emitted from the human waste is a alternative source of energy which is used to generate heat, electricity and cooking gas. The water discharge from the waste is treated and can be used as fertilizer or discharged into the river.
Award and Achievements of Dr Bindeshwar Pathak
In 1991, Dr. Pathak was awarded Padma Bhushan
Conferred St. Francis Prize Canticle of All Creatures in Assissi, Italy.
Stockholm Water Prize by Stockholm International Water Institute at Stockholm, Sweden.
Selected among 50 global personalities, including The US President, Barack Obama, “who have used their position in public life to make an impact on diversity”.
BBC Horizons declared the Sulabh technologies as one of five unique inventions of the world.
1.3 million housing toilet built so far.
More than 1,20,000 scavengers have been liberated from scavenging.
8000 public toilets in 25 states and 4 Union Territories in 1599 towns and cities which are used by 15 million people daily.
In Kabul, Sulabh is maintaining five public toilets with biogas plants, which are quite popular with the local people, and Sulabh’s inventions, innovations and experiments have been accepted in China, Bangladesh, Vietnam and many countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Entering a temple – a dream fulfilled on December, 21, 2008 of scavengers (untouchables) whose entrywas banned for centuries due to the practice of untouchability.
2003, adopted two towns of Rajasthan, Alwar and Tonk, for restoring the human
rights and dignity of the local untouchables. Now the two towns are free from the
problem of untouchability. There is no social discrimination, as Brahmins and other
upper castes now freely mix and share food and hospitality with the ex-untouchables
who have acquired skills in various trades, and are engaged in gainful employment. They
have started a new life and are now part of the social mainstream.
Set up Sulabh International Museum of Toilets in New Delhi, the first of its kind
in the world. The museum, through replicas of various toilets, artefacts, pictures, posters
and other materials, tells the story of the development of toilets through the ages.
When professional sportsmen hang their boot at 40, Daisy Victor began participating in athletic events when she was just few days shy of her 50th birthday. “I am only 83 years old” says Daisy who runs and exercises everyday in the ground near her house in Madhavaram, Chennai, and she also hits the gym twice a week. She also practices long jump at the Nehru stadium every week. In National and International Veterans athletics Meets so far she has won 377 medals from 104 meets. She won 46 golds from 22 internationals meets and 96 golds from 33 national events.
Daisy, a former employee of BSNL in Chennai, and a mother of 6 children took up athletics seriously in 1981 when she participated in the World Veterans Athletics Meet in ChristChurch, Newzeland. Her biggest moment was when on her return from the event, she was introduced to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by the Flying Sikh Milkha Singh.
Daisy’s indomitable spirit has inspired the youngsters, including her 13 grandchildren who are proud of their grandmother’s achievements. During summer vacations, boys and girls come to her to get coached for athletics. Schools and Colleges invite her to inspire the youth to make sports and exercise a part of their lifestyle.
Secret of her Success
“All my achievements is because of the Grace of God. He gave me the strength and talent to run.” says Daisy who wakes up at 5 in the morning and begins the day with prayer along with her husband Victor Sundararaj.
“Though women are physically active through out the day with household activities, they need to do exercise everyday for their necks, hands, legs, etc” says Daisy who began running and winning as a school girl in Bellary. It was her father, who was a sportsman, encouraged her to participate in athletic events.
She says people should follow a strict diet and a strict routine to remain healthy and fit. She takes very little rice, consumes a lot of vegetables and avoids snacks and tea as much a possible.
Her running and exercise has kept her away from certain hereditary lifestyle diseases. Says her son Stephen, “When she was 75, she argued with a doctor who said she was diabetic. She said since she is physically fit she should not be diabetic. But the doctor told her in her family diabetic begins at 35 years of age, so she should consider herself lucky as she could keep the disease away for 40 years.”
When most people struggle to walk a few miles at this age, Daisy travels everyday by bus and she talks to people, inspiring them with her own testimony of determination and complete faith in God.
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